In the implementation of the 17 global SDGs, there are huge differences between countries. This is shown by the current SDG Index Report of the Bertelsmann Stiftung and the Sustainable Development Solution Network. The list is headed by the Scandinavian states, Germany is ranked 4, Austria is ranked 9. The lowest value is achieved by industrialized countries in terms of sustainable consumption and production (SDG 12). In particular, 2018 examined whether and how the SDGs are integrated into government action.
It turned out that impact-based budgets are effective tools for strengthening SDG implementation at the national level. The same applies to an examination of laws for their contribution to the SDGs as well as to regular evaluations of policy coherence. Public procurement can also play a strategic role by fully considering the SDGs. At the same time, however, it has also been shown that comparative information at the country level is lacking in the integration of sustainable development into public management processes. Filling this gap will be an important priority for future work.